Myocilin
Human Recombinant MYOC - His Tagged
Reference ID:KB-3952
Migration assay
Gene of Interest
Gene Synonyms:MYOC;GLC1A;TIGR
Protein Names:Myocilin (Myocilin 55 kDa subunit) (Trabecular meshwork-induced glucocorticoid response protein) [Cleaved into: Myocilin, N-terminal fragment (Myocilin 20 kDa N-terminal fragment); Myocilin, C-terminal fragment (Myocilin 35 kDa N-terminal fragment)]
Accession Data
Organism:Homo sapiens (Human)
Mass (kDa):569.72
Length (aa):504
Sequence:MRFFCARCCSFGPEMPAVQLLLLACLVWDVGARTAQLRKANDQSGRCQYTFSVASPNESSCPEQSQAMSVIHNLQRDSSTQRLDLEATKARLSSLESLLHQLTLDQAARPQETQEGLQRELGTLRRERDQLETQTRELETAYSNLLRDKSVLEEEKKRLRQENENLARRLESSSQEVARLRRGQCPQTRDTARAVPPGSREVSTWNLDTLAFQELKSELTEVPASRILKESPSGYLRSGEGDTGCGELVWVGEPLTLRTAETITGKYGVWMRDPKPTYPYTQETTWRIDTVGTDVRQVFEYDLISQFMQGYPSKVHILPRPLESTGAVVYSGSLYFQGAESRTVIRYELNTETVKAEKEIPGAGYHGQFPYSWGGYTDIDLAVDEAGLWVIYSTDEAKGAIVLSKLNPENLELEQTWETNIRKQSVANAFIICGTLYTVSSYTSADATVNFAYDTGTGISKTLTIPFKNRYKYSSMIDYNPLEKKLFAWDNLNMVTYDIKLSKM
Proteomics (Proteome ID):UP000005640
Proteomics (Chromosome): Chromosome 1
Function [CC]:Secreted glycoprotein regulating the activation of different signaling pathways in adjacent cells to control different processes including cell adhesion, cell-matrix adhesion, cytoskeleton organization and cell migration. Promotes substrate adhesion, spreading and formation of focal contacts. Negatively regulates cell-matrix adhesion and stress fiber assembly through Rho protein signal transduction. Modulates the organization of actin cytoskeleton by stimulating the formation of stress fibers through interactions with components of Wnt signaling pathways. Promotes cell migration through activation of PTK2 and the downstream phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signaling. Plays a role in bone formation and promotes osteoblast differentiation in a dose-dependent manner through mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling. Mediates myelination in the peripheral nervous system through ERBB2/ERBB3 signaling. Plays a role as a regulator of muscle hypertrophy through the components of dystrophin-associated protein complex. Involved in positive regulation of mitochondrial depolarization. Plays a role in neurite outgrowth. May participate in the obstruction of fluid outflow in the trabecular meshwork. {ECO:0000250|UniProtKB:O70624, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17516541, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17984096, ECO:0000269|PubMed:18855004, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19188438, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19959812, ECO:0000269|PubMed:21656515, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23629661, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23897819}.
Metal Binding:METAL 380 380 Calcium. {ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXQ, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXS, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXU}.; METAL 428 428 Calcium. {ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXQ, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXS, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXU}.; METAL 429 429 Calcium; via carbonyl oxygen. {ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXQ, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXS, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXU}.; METAL 477 477 Calcium; via carbonyl oxygen. {ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXQ, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXS, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXU}.; METAL 478 478 Calcium. {ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXQ, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXS, ECO:0000244|PDB:4WXU}.
Site:SITE 226 227 Cleavage; by CAPN2.
Induction:Up-regulated by dexamethasone, a glucocorticoid. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11431441, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9497363}.
Tissue Specificity:Detected in aqueous humor (PubMed:12697062). Detected in the eye (at protein level) (PubMed:11431441). Widely expressed. Highly expressed in various types of muscle, ciliary body, papillary sphincter, skeletal muscle, heart, and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Expressed predominantly in the retina. In normal eyes, found in the inner uveal meshwork region and the anterior portion of the meshwork. In contrast, in many glaucomatous eyes, it is found in more regions of the meshwork and seems to be expressed at higher levels than in normal eyes, regardless of the type or clinical severity of glaucoma. The myocilin 35 kDa fragment is detected in aqueous humor and to a lesser extent in iris and ciliary body. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11431441, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12697062, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15795224}.
Disease:Glaucoma 1, open angle, A (GLC1A) [MIM:137750]: A form of primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). POAG is characterized by a specific pattern of optic nerve and visual field defects. The angle of the anterior chamber of the eye is open, and usually the intraocular pressure is increased. However, glaucoma can occur at any intraocular pressure. The disease is generally asymptomatic until the late stages, by which time significant and irreversible optic nerve damage has already taken place. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10196380, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10330365, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10340788, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10644174, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10798654, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10819638, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10873982, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10916185, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10980537, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11004290, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11774072, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12189160, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12356829, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12362081, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12442283, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12860809, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12872267, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15025728, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15255110, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15534471, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15795224, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16401791, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17210859, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17499207, ECO:0000269|PubMed:25524706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9005853, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9328473, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9345106, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9361308, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9490287, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9510647, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9521427, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9535666, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9697688, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9792882, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9863594}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.; Glaucoma 3, primary congenital, A (GLC3A) [MIM:231300]: An autosomal recessive form of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). PCG is characterized by marked increase of intraocular pressure at birth or early childhood, large ocular globes (buphthalmos) and corneal edema. It results from developmental defects of the trabecular meshwork and anterior chamber angle of the eye that prevent adequate drainage of aqueous humor. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15733270}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting distinct genetic loci, including the gene represented in this entry. MYOC mutations may contribute to GLC3A via digenic inheritance with CYP1B1 and/or another locus associated with the disease (PubMed:15733270). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15733270}.
Mutagenesis:MUTAGEN 226 230 Missing: Impairs endoproteolytic processing. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.; MUTAGEN 226 226 R->A: Reduced processing. Impairs endoproteolytic processing; when associated with A-229 or A-230. Completely processed after 6 days of expression, and releases a C-terminal fragment with similar electrophoretic mobility to that obtained by processing wild-type myocilin; when associated with A-229 or A-230. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.; MUTAGEN 226 226 R->Q: Slightly increases endoproteolytic processing. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.; MUTAGEN 227 227 I->G: Reduced processing. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.; MUTAGEN 229 229 K->A: Completely blocks endoproteolytic processing; when associated with A-226. Completely processed after 6 days of expression, and releases a C-terminal fragment with similar electrophoretic mobility to that obtained by processing wild-type myocilin; when associated with A-226. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.; MUTAGEN 230 230 E->A: Impairs endoproteolytic processing; when associated with A-226. Completely processed after 6 days of expression, and released a C-terminal fragment with similar electrophoretic mobility to that obtained by processing wild-type myocilin; when associated with A-226. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:17650508}.
Reagent Data
Name:Myocilin
Subcategory:Protein
Region:Arg 33 - Met 504
Molecular Weight:32
Source:HEK293
Species:Human
Tag:His
Format:Lyophilized
Purification System:Chromatography
Formulation:Sterile-filtered colorless solution
Formulation Concentration:1 mg/ml
Buffer Volume:Standard
Buffer Solution:PBS
pH:7.4-7.5
Toxicity
Endotoxin Level:< 1%
Aggregate Tested By:SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin Screened:< 0.1 ng/ug
Purity:> 98%
Determined: SDS-PAGE
Stain:Blue
Chromotography:Anion-exchange
Validated: RP-HPLC
Sample Handling
Storage:-20°C
Stability:This bioreagent is stable at 4°C (short-term) and -70°C(long-term). After reconstitution, sample may be stored at 4°C for 2-7 days and below -18°C for future use.
Preparation:Reconstitute in sterile distilled H2O to no less than 100 ug/ml; dilute reconstituted stock further in other aqueous solutions if needed. Please review COA for lot-specific instructions. Final measurements should be determined by the end-user for optimal performance.