Human Recombinant TTR - His Tagged
Reference ID:KB-3161
Western Blot
Flow Cytometry
Gene of Interest
Gene Synonyms:TTR;PALB
Protein Names:Transthyretin (ATTR) (Prealbumin) (TBPA)
Accession Data
Organism:Homo sapiens (Human)
Mass (kDa):158.87
Length (aa):147
Proteomics (Proteome ID):UP000005640
Proteomics (Chromosome): Chromosome 18
Binding Site:BINDING 35 35 Thyroid hormones.; BINDING 74 74 Thyroid hormones.
Function [CC]:Thyroid hormone-binding protein. Probably transports thyroxine from the bloodstream to the brain. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:3714052}.
Tissue Specificity:Detected in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (at protein level). Highly expressed in choroid plexus epithelial cells. Detected in retina pigment epithelium and liver. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10328977, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3714052}.
Disease:Amyloidosis, transthyretin-related (AMYL-TTR) [MIM:105210]: A hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to transthyretin amyloid deposition. Protein fibrils can form in different tissues leading to amyloid polyneuropathies, amyloidotic cardiomyopathy, carpal tunnel syndrome, systemic senile amyloidosis. The disease includes leptomeningeal amyloidosis that is characterized by primary involvement of the central nervous system. Neuropathologic examination shows amyloid in the walls of leptomeningeal vessels, in pia arachnoid, and subpial deposits. Some patients also develop vitreous amyloid deposition that leads to visual impairment (oculoleptomeningeal amyloidosis). Clinical features include seizures, stroke-like episodes, dementia, psychomotor deterioration, variable amyloid deposition in the vitreous humor. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10036587, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10071047, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10211412, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10436378, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10439117, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10611950, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10627135, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10694917, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10842705, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10842718, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10882995, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11243784, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11445644, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11866053, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12050338, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12403615, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12557757, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12771253, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1301926, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1351039, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1362222, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1436517, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1517749, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1520326, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1520336, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15214015, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15217993, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1544214, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15478468, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1570831, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15735344, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16185074, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1656975, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16627944, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1734866, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17453626, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17503405, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17577687, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17635579, ECO:0000269|PubMed:19167329, ECO:0000269|PubMed:1932142, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2046936, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2161654, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23317988, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2363717, ECO:0000269|PubMed:2891727, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3022108, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3135807, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3722385, ECO:0000269|PubMed:3818577, ECO:0000269|PubMed:6487335, ECO:0000269|PubMed:6583672, ECO:0000269|PubMed:6651852, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7655883, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7850982, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7910950, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7914929, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7923855, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8019560, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8038017, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8081397, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8095302, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8133316, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8257997, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8352764, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8382610, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8428915, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8579098, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8990019, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9066351, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9605286, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9733771, ECO:0000269|Ref.90}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.; Hyperthyroxinemia, dystransthyretinemic (DTTRH) [MIM:145680]: A condition characterized by elevation of total and free thyroxine in healthy, euthyroid persons without detectable binding protein abnormalities. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1979335}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.; Carpal tunnel syndrome 1 (CTS1) [MIM:115430]: A condition characterized by entrapment of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. This condition may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma, wrist injuries, amyloid neuropathies, rheumatoid arthritis. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:8309582}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
Mutagenesis:MUTAGEN 107 107 F->M: Loss of tetramerization; when associated with M-130. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11560492}.; MUTAGEN 130 130 L->M: Loss of tetramerization; when associated with M-107. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11560492}.
Miscellaneous [CC]:Tetramer dissociation and partial unfolding leads to the formation of aggregates and amyloid fibrils. Small molecules that occupy at least one of the thyroid hormone binding sites stabilize the tetramer, and thereby stabilize the native state and protect against misfolding and the formation of amyloid fibrils.; Two binding sites for thyroxine are located in the channel. Less than 1% of plasma prealbumin molecules are normally involved in thyroxine transport. L-thyroxine binds to the transthyretin by an order of magnitude stronger than does the triiodo-L-thyronine. Thyroxine-binding globulin is the major carrier protein for thyroid hormones in man.; About 40% of plasma transthyretin circulates in a tight protein-protein complex with the plasma retinol-binding protein (RBP). The formation of the complex with RBP stabilizes the binding of retinol to RBP and decreases the glomerular filtration and renal catabolism of the relatively small RBP molecule. There is evidence for 2 binding sites for RBP, one possibly being a region that includes Ile-104, located on the outer surface of the transthyretin molecule.
Reagent Data
Region:Gly 21 - Glu 147
Molecular Weight:14.6
Purification System:Chromatography
Formulation:Sterile-filtered colorless solution
Formulation Concentration:1 mg/ml
Buffer Volume:Standard
Buffer Solution:PBS
Trehalose:Added (check COA for volume)
Endotoxin Level:< 1%
Aggregate Tested By:SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin Screened:< 0.1 ng/ug
Purity:> 98%
Determined: SDS-PAGE
Validated: RP-HPLC
Sample Handling
Stability:This bioreagent is stable at 4°C (short-term) and -70°C(long-term). After reconstitution, sample may be stored at 4°C for 2-7 days and below -18°C for future use.
Preparation:Reconstitute in sterile distilled H2O to no less than 100 ug/ml; dilute reconstituted stock further in other aqueous solutions if needed. Please review COA for lot-specific instructions. Final measurements should be determined by the end-user for optimal performance.